Title Vegetation of Perre (Pirin) Antique City (Adıyaman)
Authors Ahmet Zafer TEL, Murat TAK
Abstract The research area, which is in Iran-Turan phtogeographic region, is placed into the C7 square based on based on the parallel and meridian squaring system (Grid) in Flora of Turkey. In this study, Perre (Pirin) antique city is investigated according to phytosociology, present plant societies and the associated syntaxonomic units were determined by using Braun-Blanquet Method. A total of 51 quadrates were evaluated during the syntaxonomic studies of Pere Antique City. All of these were steppes and vegetation type areas and 7 associations were determined. These associations and the syntaxonomic units they are associated with are as follows: Astragalo-Brometea Quezel 1973 Onobrcyhido armenae-Thymetalia leucostomi Akman, Ketenoğlu ve Quezel 1984 1. Phlomido capitati – Lagoeicetum cominoidis Tel & Tak ass. nova 2. Cardo braviphyllaris – Phletum boissierii Tel & Tak ass. nova Phlomido armeniaceae-Astragalion microcephali Akman, Ketenoğlu, Quezel & Demirörs1986 3. Onobrycho caput-galli – Picnometum acarnae Tel & Tak ass. nova Convolvulo holosericei – Ajugion salicifoliae Akman, Ketenoğlu, Quézel. & Demirörs 1984 4. Salvio palaestinae – Tragopogetum pterocarpi Tel & Tak ass. nova 5. Ainsworthio trachycarpae – Elymetum erosiglumis Tel & Tak ass. nova Salvio tchihatcheffii-Hedysarion varii Quezel 1973 6. Balloto brachyodontae – Stachietum cataonicae Tel & Tak ass. nova 7. Phlomido capitati – Picnometum acarnae Tel & Tak ass. nova The general habitat and structure of these associations as follows: The slope of these 51 associations are between 5-90%, the height is between 660-900 m. Trees and bushes are rarely found, the covering of plant unities is 60-100%, height is 40-140 cm, is mostly formed from grass layer with two layered vertical structure. Populations are distributed in areas, which are not very deep and rough, and in red, pebbly Mediterranean soil found on the surface of bedrock sandstone. According to the physical and chemical analysis results of soil taken from populations showing homogenous distribution, the soil with dense plant groups shows sligth basic reaction (pH 7.26 - 7.79). Organic matter is at low, middle and high degree. All habitats are without salt but with very hight lime. Phosphous is at low, middle and high level. The structure class is often clay. The area is extremely under biotic pressure. Therefore, disturbed bush vegetation and low mountain steppes are expanding.
Keywords Vegetation, Ecology, Syntaxonomy, Perre, Adıyaman, Turkey.
Journal BIBAD - Research Journal of Biological Sciences
Issue Issue 2
Page 045-062
Year 2012
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