Title The Determination of Post-Harvest Diseases of Apples and Prevalence in Isparta
Authors Hülya ÖZGÖNEN, Handan ÇULAL KILIÇ
Abstract This study was conducted to determine the post-harvest diseases and pravalence of apples in cold storage of Isparta in 2006-2008. Penicillium expansum was determined the most common post-harvest rot of apples. The losses of rot depending on Penicillium were around 40%. Superficial mold and black rot caused by Alternaria alternata was determined the common disease following Penicillium In addition, the other post-harvest diseases were Botrytis cinerea (gray mold), Glomerella cingulata (bitter rot), Venturia inaequalis (pin point scab), Cryptosporiopsis spp. (bull’s eye rot), Sphaeropsis rot and a member of basidiomycet group. Mucor and Aspergillus rots were at lower rates and determined to be the less important factors of losses of post-harvest. Among physiological disorders appeared post-harvest such as bitter pit, superficial scald, cold damage, humidity disorders and internal browning were remarkable. As a result of this study, the determination of biotic and abiotic diseases cause losses will be important to take precautions before and after harvest and to manipulate the control approaches in our region.
Keywords Apple, post-harvest diseases, cold storage, Penicillium, Isparta
Journal TABAD - Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Issue Issue 2
Page 053-060
Year 2009
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