Title On “The Least Effort in Language Principle”
Authors Hasene AYDIN
Abstract Language which is the most competent communication tool owes its systematic working to some rules. One of these rules is “the least effort law”. It is also known with the names such “zipf’s law, economy of language”. According to this law people who use the language should avoid from unnecessary structures and repetitions and say the word direct and economical but effectively. Because to reach the target from the shortest path is essential in communication. Many methods are adopted for providing economy in language, saving time and effort in Turkish too. For example unnecessary units are left in deep structure by zero repeat or shorter units are preferred by lacking repeat; defined units which are known by receiver are used; some informations are adumbrated with non-linguistic references; idioms and proverbs are used; some abbreviations are made with some sound events in speech and writing; sometimes words give place to affixes; sometimes affixes drop. This study aims to explain the economy of language referring how does the least effort law work which occurs natively in all languages in our language and which methods are referred in Turkey Turkish in the interest of saving within the frame of the rules.
Keywords Least effort law, economy of language, ellipsis.
Journal IJSES - International Journal of Social and Economic Sciences
Issue Issue 1
Page 001-006
Year 2011
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